Molecular Impact Steam Technology (CCES) will affect many industrial sectors. The most obvious areas are power generation, transportation, heating and refrigeration technology. Perhaps the least obvious, but potentially most the significant impact will be on marine transportation. The intriguing discovery that salt solutions similar to seawater can be made to explode following injections into the CCES apparatus are profound (seawater combustion).
Apparently the energy generated due to cavitation collapse of water vapor micro-bubbles generates sufficient heat to cause oxyhydrogen disassociation in water. This heat, in conjunction with the presence of ionic sodium and chlorine, facilitates the production of molecular oxygen and hydrogen, that subsequently combusts, releasing exhaust capable of powering rotary expander type turbines.
Properly conditioned seawater can be used as an essentially inexhaustible supply of fuel for this process. Some interesting facts regarding the marine shipping industry are well worth noting.
In international waters ship emissions remains one of the least regulated parts of our global transportation system. The fuel used in ships is waste oil, basically what is left over after the crude oil refining process. It's the cheapest and most polluting fuel available and the world's 90,000 ships chew through an astonishing 7.29 million barrels of it each day, or more than 84% of all exported oil production from Saudi Arabia, the world's largest oil exporter.
It has been reported that in one year, a single large container ship can emit cancer and asthma-causing pollutants equivalent to that of 50 million cars. The low grade bunker fuel used by the worlds 90,000 cargo ships contains up to 2,000 times the amount of sulfur compared to diesel fuel used in automobiles.
Many international seaports require that container ships switch to more expensive low sulfur fuel when entering territorial waters.
CCES technology will eventually redefine marine propulsion system engineering and vastly reduce the cost of moving freight trans-oceanically. To grasp the magnitude of the cost savings consider the case of the Emma Maersk. This ship is one of the eight longest container ships in the world, measuring 1,300 feet . It also has the world's largest reciprocating engine. At five storeys tall and weighing 2300 tons, this 14 cylinder turbocharged two-stroke monster puts out 84.4 MW (114,800 hp) - up to 90MW when the motor's waste heat recovery system is taken into account. These mammoth engines consume approximately 16 tons of fuel per hour or 380 tons per day while at sea. Bunker fuel ranges from $300 - $400 per ton at present trading ranges, but has traded as high as $600 per ton within the past year.
When projected across the world's 90,000 vessels burning 370 million tons of fuel per year that represents in excess of $150 billion annually.
We estimate that an equivalent of a 90 MW engine could be reproduced with a CCES system using 1100 injector/impact chambers.
The economic potential, not to mention the environmental impact, of CCES when applied to marine transportation is profound. Research and development of maritime CCES based systems is a key objective of our research and intellectual property development in the near future. Many of the systems designed to exploit CCES technology have yet to be designed and our focus will apply equally to improving the technology and the machinery that will change marine and ground based transportation.