All of our initial experimentation with impact chamber geometry, injector pressure considerations and orifice diameters were performed using very pure fresh water. All of our testing with the single impact chamber utilized hydraulic injectors with internal amplifier pistons. We were concerned that running anything other than fresh water through the system might damage the testing apparatus.
When it became clear to us that cavitation was playing a dominant role in the heating of the water to steam and that the momentary temperatures involved could be very substantial, it occurred to us that adding electrolyte to the water might produce some intriguing effects.
Seawater being relatively abundant, it seemed that this would be a logical starting substance to inject. The first video involves the injection of a 2% solution of sea salt and a pressure relief setting of 900 psi and 620 degrees Fahrenheit. The second video uses a 5-6% solution at 450 psi pressure relief setting and 830 degrees Fahrenheit.
What are observed are oxy-hydrogen explosions. In the first video there were five successive explosions until the pressure relief valve was destroyed, thereby eliminating the 900 psi chamber pressure. It remains to be determined whether this is electrodynamic, electrochemical or a result of the extreme momentary temperatures at the impact surface as predicted by theory.
Water begins to undergo covalent separation beginning at temperautres of 2200 degrees C (3%) and at 3000 C (50%). At some point there is going to be an explosion when the chamber temperature reaches the ignition point of the gas mixture. Fukushima, Chernobyl and Three Mile Island experienced this type of catastrophic event.
We are constructing a version of the impact system which will produce continuous oxy-hydrogen explosions, the output of which will be applied to a rotary expander turbine of some variety. Such a configuration can be used to generate inexpensive power in coastal regions amd would likely be employed in tri-generation wherein we produce electrical power and the excess heat for distillation (desalination) and absorption cooling.
View the following video on our video page to observe this effect: videos.cfm
The above videos clearly demonstrates the amount of energy released during this process.